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Some Descendants of Jean de la Fontaine

Tenth Generation

26. James Fontaine 1 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born in 1686 in Barnstaple, Devonshire, ENG. He died in Oct 1745 in Northumberland Co., VA.

Sailed to Virginia in April 1717, arriving at Williamsburg in October 1717 and proceeded to a plantation near West Point, King William County.

James married (1) Lucretia Desjarrie in 1711 in Cork, IRE. Lucretia was born in 1673/1695 in IRE. She died in 1735 in King William Co., VA.

They had the following children:

+ 34 F i Elizabeth Fontaine was born in 1717.
  35 F ii Lucretia Fontaine was born in 1719.
+ 36 M iii James Fontaine was born in 1721.
  37 F iv Jane Fontaine was born in 1725 in VA.
  38 M v John Fontaine was born about 1726 in VA.
  39 F vi Anne Fontaine was born in 1728 in VA. She died in VA.

Upon the death of her mother, Anne lived with and was reared by her cousin, Mary Ann Fontaine Winston.
        Anne married Thomas Owen in VA. Thomas was born in VA. He died in VA.

James married (2) Elizabeth Harcum in 1738 in VA. Elizabeth was born in VA. She died in VA.

They had the following children:

  40 F vii Levenah Fontaine was born on 28 Dec 1739 in VA.
  41 F viii Mary Ann Fontaine was born on 26 Aug 1743 in VA.
  42 M ix William Fontaine was born on 5 Feb 1744/1745 in VA.

28. Mary Anne Fontaine 1 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born on 12 Apr 1690 in Taunton, Somerset, ENG. She was christened on 13 Apr 1690. She died on 30 Dec 1755 in Westover Parish, Charles City Co., VA.

Mary Ann and Matthew also reared Mary Ann Fontaine, daughter of Rev. Peter Fontaine.

Mary Ann remained at "Hickory Hill" until October 1755 when ill health forced her to move in with her brother, Peter, in Charles City County, Va.

Mary married Matthew Maury 1 son of Abraham Maury and Marie Fourquereau on 20 Oct 1716 in Dublin, IRE. Matthew was born on 18 Sep 1686 in of Castel Mauron, Agenois, Gascony, FRA. He died in 1752 in Hickory Hill, King William Co., VA.

Matthew Maury was of Castel Mauron, Gascony. In 1717, sailed for Virginia with a shipment of trade goods, arriving March 1718. After taking a portion of the land which John had purchased, he made preparations for the construction of a small house and returned to Dublin for Mary Ann. The sailed back to America in September 1719.

They settled at "Hickory Hill" near West Point, Virginia

They had the following children:

+ 43 M i Rev. James Maury was born on 8 Apr 1718. He died on 9 Jun 1769.
+ 44 F ii Mary Anne Maury was born in 1725. She died in 1790.
  45 M iii Abraham Maury 1 was born on 7 Apr 1731 in Lunenburg Co., VA. He died on 22 Jan 1784 in Lunenburg Co., VA. He was buried in Lunenburg Co., VA.

Saunders, James Edmonds. Early Settlers of Alabama. L. Grahm & Son. New Orleans. 1899, p 304-309:

Colonel Abraham Maury
was the younger son of Mr. Matthew Maury, who married Mary Anne Fontaine. He was born in King William county, Va., in 1731. His widowed mother said of him: "He is a youth of happy temper, very dutiful, chaste, and hearkening to good counsel." His uncle, Peter Fontaine, gave the same account of him. This was a happy presage of his success in life. I know that with many the impression prevails that these dare-devil boys are the boys that make their mark in life, especially in the military line. This is a grand mistake. General Henry Lee said of his son when he was a youth: "Robert was always a good boy." When he was at West Point he never received a demerit. The good boy was a good young officer; and became in due time the good commander-in-chief.-- (Cook's Life of General R. E. Lee). A dashing, rude boy may become an effective subaltern, but for high office a man must not only be brave, but thoughtful. He must have "mens oequa in arduis." Arduous indeed were the duties which devolved on Colonel Maury, and well did he perform them.

A summary of his life is given in the Danville (Va.) Times, consisting of extracts of a letter, and headed, "Who Colonel Maury of the Old Trunk Was."

EVERHOPE, NEAR GREENSBORO, N. C., December 25, 1871.
MR. P. BOULDIN--DEAR SIR: I have received your letter making inquiries as to who Colonel Maury was, mentioned in a letter found in your old trunk, dated 18th April, 1758, and addressed to Captain (afterward) Colonel Bouldin, from Clement Reid.

I can think of but two children Mr. Matthew Maury had, besides the Rev. James Maury, rector of Fredericksville. One was a daughter, Mary, who married Daniel Claiborne, of an old and honorable family of Tidewater, Va.--the other a son, Abraham, born in 1731. He was a man of good character, great decision of mind, and possessed of excellent education. He was a graduate of William and Mary College; for it was a cardinal principle of the Fontaines and Maurys, of those days, to educate their children thoroughly. Abraham had the confidence of John Blair, "President and Commander-in-Chief of this Dominion," as he is called in the Acts of the General Assembly of that period. You may observe that Clement Reid in his postscript says to Captain Bouldin: "You must cause your lieutenant to keep an exact journal of your marches, and of the different routes you take, and of all your transactions relating thereto; that it may be returned to the president at Williamsburg, according to order."

John Blair was that president. Abraham Maury had formed his acquaintance whilst a student of William and Mary, and that great and virtuous man had full confidence in the intellectual, but modest and retiring student, and probably it was owing to this that Abraham Maury obtained the high and honorable distinction, in those days, of being made Colonel of Halifax county, at so youthful an age, for he is the "Colonel Maury of the old trunk." In 1758 he was but 27 years of age, but he had been appointed colonel at least two years previously! In 1752 Halifax was formed from Lunenburg. Peter Fontaine and Clement Reid were appointed receivers of the county debt. After that, Peter Fontaine was appointed Surveyor of Halifax county, being a frontier county; Abraham, who had a military turn, was made Colonel, and was very active in resisting all attacks from the various tribes of Indians, beyond the mountains, and in North Carolina. History (or at least none that I recollect to have seen), has not recorded his humble yet useful efforts; yet I remember, when a child, seeing aged men in the county of Henry who used to speak of Colonel Maury, and the way he used to keep the Indians down. * * *

Very truly yours, WM. S. FONTAINE."
The period during which young Maury was Colonel of Halifax county was the most disastrous of our colonial times. General Braddock had been defeated. The French and Indians had encroached on our frontiers until the settlers were driven back in some places 150 miles. Colonel Washington was thoroughly discouraged. In the agony of his great soul, in one of his dispatches to the Governor, he exclaims: "The supplicating tears of the women and the moving petitions of the men melt me into such a deadly sorrow that I solemnly declare, if I know my own mind, I could offer myself a willing sacrifice to the butchering enemy, provided that would contribute to the peoples' ease!" In the central counties of Virginia the incursions of the savages had become alarming. In the county of Louisa alone sixty persons were massacred. When the people were called together to form volunteer regiments, the drum and fife excited no military fervor, for every man felt a reluctance to leave his home, when on his return he might find it a heap of ruins and his wife and daughters captives in the hands of the a ruthless enemy. It required the sanctions of religion to rouse the people to the performance of their duty. The eloquent and patriotic Dr. Davis when there was an effort to be made was nearly always in requisition. In one of his appeals he concludes by saying: "In short our frontiers have been drenched with the blood of our fellow-subjects through the length of a thousand miles, and new wounds are still opening. Now while I am still speaking, perhaps the savage shouts and whoops of Indians, and the screams and groans of some butchered family may be mingling their horrors and circulating their tremendous echoes among the rocks and mountains.

But it was all of no avail; a defensive policy was adopted of dividing a small appropriation amongst the frontier counties to purchase arms and ammunition, and leaving it to the colonels of each frontier county to repel the sudden incursions of the savages --and Washington, worn out with his fruitless efforts to unite the people, retired in disgust to Mount Vernon.

My readers, after this retrospect of the history of that gloomy period, can form some idea of what was then meant by being a colonel of a frontier county. Many of these colonels, in attempting to rescue the captives, were shot down by the savage in his ambush and scalped, and left where he fell, for his bones to decay, "unburied, unhonored and unsung." Others, in scouting by day and unceasing vigil by night, were broken in constitution. This was the case, I presume, with Colonel Maury, for he died before he became an old man. Mr. Fontaine says he has seen no history which records the deeds of these colonels of the frontier counties. No! the genius of history, horrorstruck, in profound gloom, sought the deepest shade, and "hung her harp upon the willows." What sorrows did our ancestors incur in winning this fair domain for us from the wilderness and the savage! In the far East there is a nation of people who worship their ancestors; and if in view of all which ours have suffered and achieved for us, we should drop into this heresy, it is hoped that "the recording angel while he writes it down, may let fall a tear and blot it out forever."

Col. Abraham Maury married Susanna Poindexter, a blood relation of Senator Poindexter of Mississippi. He was a prosperous merchant but built some county flouring mills, which were washed away by a freshet and this broke him. When he went again to Baltimore he frankly told his merchant his condition; but, knowing his integrity, the goods were sold him. On his return home he was attacked with small-pox contracted on the streets of Baltimore. Knowing that he must die, he ordered the return of the goods. The October preceding, his eldest son, Matthew Fontaine, had died from the effect of wounds received at the battle of Guilford Court House. (Dr. W. S. Ried.)

Col. Abraham Maury died on the 22nd January, 1784. He had seven children. 1. Matthew Fontaine, above mentioned, who married W. Tabb. 2. Elizabeth, who married W. Dowsing. 3. Susan, who married Joel Parish, Sr. 4. Abram T., who married M. Worsham. 5. Mary, who married Metcalf DeGraffenried. 6. Philip, who married C. Cunningham. 7. Martha, who married Chapman White. Except Elizabeth and her husband, W. Dowsing, (who moved to Columbus, Miss.,) all moved to Williamson county, Tenn. Richard Maury (the father of the Commodore) went with them; and, together, they formed a large colony of the best people that ever crossed the border of that State. I knew them personally, and was reared among them. Many of their descendants were among the early settlers of our county of Lawrence, in Alabama.

1. Matthew Fontaine Maury, the eldest child, was born in 1760; entered the army when a mere youth, was wounded at Guilford, C. H., and died in 1783 from the effect of his wound. He left two sons--Thomas and Abram. Their mother married a second time a man of property, named Stewart, who (the sons thought) mistreated them. They ran away, and sought the protection of their uncle, Major Abram Maury, and came with him to Tennessee. The two boys were prosperous, but died of consumption, unmarried. Col. Thomas Maury was a man of ability, and represented Williamson county (when quite young) in the Legislature.

2. Elizabeth Maury, born in 1762, who married W. Dowsing. They moved first from Virginia to Georgia, and thence to Columbus, Miss. He was the Registrar of the Land Office--a good officer and a good man. His descendants bear the names of Dowsing, Thompson, Bassey, Ware and Turner.

3. Susan Maury was born in 1764, and married Joel Parrish, Sr. He died before my recollection, but I knew her very well. She was a kind, indulgent mother. Her boys were old enough (Matthew Fontaine and Joel) to make fine soldiers under Jackson. Her eldest child, Caroline (the only daughter), was of queenly beauty, and married Hinchea Petway, one of the wealthiest merchants of Franklin. A man of fine sense and very genial disposition. He had a mortal aversion to onio??s, and when some friend would slip one into his coat pocket, as soon as he detected the nauseous scent he would take out his pen-knife, cut off his pocket and throw both away together. He was a man of great sagacity, and I don't know of his being mistaken but once, and that was when Bennett was hung for murder. An ambitious young physician conceived the idea of resuscitating him, and as he was cut down, he was taken and placed in a carry-all and carried away rapidly. Hundreds of people crowded around the office. When the young doctor found all efforts to bring the body to life futile, he fixed his galvanie points, and when everything was ready called in Petway and another merchant, and applied the points. The dead body opened its eyes, gave a ghastly stare at the two merchants, and stuck out one leg--and the merchants broke and ran, and reported that "Bennett was alive." In a short time it was reported that Sheriff Hunt had been bribed, and Bennett had been hung in stirrups, and there was great excitement, until his body was exhumed from its secret grave, in the woods, and exposed openly in the court house.

I am mistaken; for there was another instance in which Petway's sagacity was at fault. He built a costly brick house right across the south end of main street in Franklin, which had to be torn down. A man can not make a greater mistake than to fix limits to a young American town, located in a fertile country. When cotton rose to 25 cents per pound, and the county of Lawrence in Alabama was settled, Mr. Petway bought and opened up, a large plantation on the west bank of Town creek, where the brick house now stands. After residing there for a while, he sold out and bought a home in the vicinity of Nashville, where he died. He had one son, Ferdinand Petway, who was an itinerant Methodist preacher. He was a man of education and taste, and a good speaker, and a singer of unusually fine voice. He died in the Memphis Conference. The descendants of Mr. Petway are to be found in Davidson county, Tennessee. See Fontaine Chart. Col. Joel Parrish (a son of Susan Maury, who inarried Joel Parrish, Sr.,) married Sophia Saunders, eldest daughter of Rev. Turner Saunders (and sister of the writer.) Colonel Parrish and his wife lived in Nashville, and both died there before they attained middle age, leaving a family of young children who were brought to Lawrence county, Alabama, and reared by members of her family. Two daughters of this family married sons of Col. Benjamin Sherrod, and are mentioned ante. A son, Joel Parrish, married a Miss Bodie, and died in Lauderdale county without issue. A daughter, Sophie, married Mr. Alfred Gibson. She is a widow living in Mississippi, and has one daughter, Mary, and two sons, Joel and Willis.

The youngest son of the Parrish family in Tennessee was David Winston. He was about my age, and we were schoolmates. Our path to the Academy led through his mother's orchard, where the mellow Father Abraham apples lay, in profusion, on beds of Nimble Will grass. It then wound along through the shadiest places of the beech and poplar grove, and along side of Mr. McKey's orchard; and we had to do some skilful engineering to make it hit both orchards. David Winston Parrish, when grown, moved to Mississippi, and married Mary, daughter of Solomon Clark, of Pontotoc, one of the best men I ever knew. They had two children. One of them, Susan, married Judge Locke Houston, of Aberdeen, "a first-rate man, and one of the best lawyers in the State." They have four or five children, one of whom is a young lawyer, and another, Mrs. Mary Gillespie, a wonderful singer, and, now (1888) postmistress at Aberdeen. The second daughter of David Winston Parrish, is Sallie, unmarried. His widow married Judge Stephen Adams, then Circuit Judge, an excellent man of fair ability, who served two terms in Congress. They had two children, Edward, a very intellectual young man, who is connected with the cotton business in Mobile, and Belle Adams (Mrs. Professor Wills) principal of the Aberdeen Female College. "Belle was one of the prettiest and sweetest girls we ever had at Aberdeen (says my informant).

Mrs. Wills is a wonderful woman (for her size) as teacher, mother, and domestic manager. She has several children, all bigger than herself," and now lives in Auburn, Ala. (1896).

4. Major Abram Maury, son of Colonel Abraham Maury, whose history we sketched in our last, was born in 1766 in Lunenbury County, Virginia, and married M. Worsham, and his two oldest children were born in Virginia. At a very early time he emigrated to Williamson County, Tenn., with all his brothers and sisters, except Mrs. Dowsing. He had fortunately become the owner of a fine tract of land. He laid off the town of Franklin on one end, and was mainly instrumental in having Harpeth Academy erected on the other. When the latter was built I can not ascertain, but from the fact that the shingles were put on with wooden nails, I infer that it was before General William Carroll erected his nail factory at Nashville, and Mr. Clem another at Franklin. He was a man of fine person, good manners and of fair education and a leader in his county. All the Maurys were very much respected, but he was the wealthiest and had the means to foster public enterprises and of dispensing wide hospitality. Major John Reid, who married his eldest daughter, had been a member of General Jackson's staff and his confidential secretary through all his campaigns. This brought about an intimacy between the General and Major Maury, which (as you will see), had much to do with the fortunes of the Maury family. After the war with England closed I have often seen the General on his way to Major Maury's house with a small staff, all in neat undress uniform and with bear skin holsters.

This was while he was Major-General in the United States army, charged with the special duty of making treaties with the Indians for the cession of their lands. The red man when defeated by the general conceived a high respect for him; but when he beat the British at New Orleans it ripened into awe, and when "Captain Jackson" (as they called him) insisted on a cession of their lands they were very apt to comply. It was General Jackson who procured a commission for young Matthew F. Maury in the navy. If this had not occurred, what would have been the consequences? Would the "Geography of the Sea" have been as little understood now as it was early in the century? After General Jackson's election to the presidency, Cary A. Harris, a son-in-law of Major Maury, was invested with the lucrative office of Public Printer at Washington City. And now we will briefly notice the descendants of Maj. Abram Maury:

(A) Elizabeth Branch married Major John Reid, above mentioned. He was of remarkably clear intellect, of much decision, and strong nerve. He dispatched business, under all circumstances, promptly, and enjoyed the confidence and friendship of General Jackson to such a degree that he requested him to write his life. He had written the first four chapters, when he sickened and died. The papers Major Reid had collected were then handed over, at General Jackson's request, to Major John H. Eaton, who finished the book. Dr. William J. Reid is a son of this marriage. His wife is Sarah Claiborne Maury. They live at the old homestead of Major Abram Maury. Their eldest daughter, Mary Maury, married Andrew J. Puryear, who died about four years ago. She has four children, two sons and two daughters. A son of Dr. Reid, John William, married Maud C. Perkins, and the younger son of Dr. Reid, is Maury Thorpe, a youth of fifteen years.

(B) Matthew Fontaine, who died at twelve years of age.

(C) Daniel Worsham, when grown, made a venture in the mercantile line in Courtland, in this county. He did not succeed well, and I think went back to Tennessee. He never married.

(D) Hon. Abraham Poindexter Maury had a brilliant career. He was born at Franklin 26th December, 1801, and early showed a decided literary taste. He was taught grammar by that accurate teacher, Rev. Lewis Garrett, and was for some time at Harpeth Academy under Dr. Blackburn. At about the age of seventeen years he was invited by the citizens of Franklin to deliver a Fourth of July speech. When quite young, at the instance of Hon. Thomas H. Benton, who had lived at Franklin and known him well, he went to St. Louis to edit a newspaper. After a year's stay he returned to Tennessee and went as a cadet to West Point. As he had more taste for literature and politics than mathematics, he returned to Tennessee, settled in Nashville and edited a paper entitled the Nashville Republican. Here he made a reputation as a journalist. He married Mary Eliza Tennessee Claiborne (a lady of great beauty and fine fortune), the daughter of Dr. Thomas Augustine Claiborne, and his wife, Sally Lewis, the daughter of William T. Lewis, of Nashville. Dr. Claiborne was a brother of Wm. C. C. Claiborne, first Territorial Governor of Louisiana, and subsequently elected to the office by the people for thirteen years. Dr. Claiborne, father of Mrs. Maury, after the death of his wife, became a surgeon in the United States Navy and died young.

Hon. Abram P. Maury, after his marriage, bought out the interests of his brothers and sisters in his father's farm at Franklin. Served in both brauches of the Legislature, and then in Congress for two terms, commencing with 1885. He was the father of nine children: (1) His eldest daughter, Martha Thomas, is still living, the widow of Nicholas Edwin Perkins, whose father, Nicholas T. Perkins, captured the famous Aaron Burr. She had three children--Edwin Maury, unmarried; Leighla Octavia, married to Dr. Harden T. Cochrane, of Birmingham, Ala., and Maud Claiborne, married to John William Reid, above mentioned. (2) The second daughter of Hon. Abram P. Maury. Sarah Claiborne, was married to Dr. Wm. S. Reid, as we have mentioned above. The third, fourth and fifth died unmarried. (6) Abram P. married, before he was of age, the daughter of Wm. O'Neal Perkins, of Franklin, and died quite a young man, leaving a son, Wm. Perkins Maury, now superintendent of the public schools at Fort Smith, Ark., and a daughter, Martha Slaughter, who is married to Mr. Benjamin Mann, of Haywood county, Tennessee. (7) Septima died at the age of twenty-six. (8) Octavia died early. (9) Ferdinand Claiborne, the youngest member of the family, is a lawyer in Nashville, and was married some years since to Mrs. Ida Rains, the widow of General Rains of the Confederate service, who was killed at the battle of Murfreesboro.

(E) James Philip, another son of Maj. Abram Maury, was an excellent man. Never married.

(F) William Henry, lived and died in Fayette county. His descendants are to be found there.

(G) Martha Fontaine, married Cary A. Harris. He was made Public Printer by General Jackson as stated above. They had several children set down in the Fontaine chart.

(H) The youngest of Maj. Abram Maury's children was Zebulon M. Pike. He married Virginia Ashlen, a lady of Williamson county and died while being unjustly detained as a prisoner at Sandusky, Ohio, during the late war. His youngest son was drowned a few years ago, and one of his sons, James Henry, married Helen Deas Ross, daughter of Mr. Wm. H. Ross, of Mobile, and is a prosperous merchant in the city of Paris, France. (1887.) He afterwards returned to the United States, and to New Orleans, to live.
        Abraham married Susanna Poindexter in VA. Susanna was born in VA. She died in VA.

29. Rev. Peter Fontaine 1, 2, 3, 4 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born in 1691 in Taunton, Somersetshire, ENG. He died in Aug 1759 in Westover Parish, Charles City Co., VA.

Entered Trinity College, Dublin, in June 1711 at the age of twenty and received his degree in 1715. Ordained by the Bishop of London and licensed as a minister to Virginia on March 12, 1715.

Arrived in Virginia on December 11, 1716 and, in 1720, became Rector of Westover Parish. Established himself on a plantation in Charles City County, Virginia, on the James River, and served as Rector of King William Parish until his death in July 1757.

Peter married (1) Elizabeth Wade 1. Elizabeth was born about 1695 in Taunton, ENG.

Peter married 4 (2) Elizabeth Fourreau 1, 2, 3 daughter of Fourreau and Boulay on 29 Mar 1714 in Dublin, IRE. Elizabeth was born in 1700 in Dublin, IRE. She died in 1723/1788 in VA.

They had the following children:

+ 46 F i Mary Anne Fontaine was born in 1718.
+ 47 M ii Col. Peter Fontaine Jr. was born in 1720.

Peter married 4 (3) Sarah Wade 1, 2, 3 daughter of Joseph Wade and Sarah Lide in 1740 in VA. Sarah was born in 1715 in Charles City Co., VA. She died on 10 Aug 1784 in Louisa Co., VA.

They had the following children:

+ 48 M iii Moses Fontaine was born in 1742. He died in 1743/1832.
  49 F iv Sarah Fontaine 1 was born in 1744 in Charles City Co., VA. She died in 1745/1838.
+ 50 F v Elizabeth Fontaine was born in 1747. She died in 1748/1841.
+ 51 M vi Joseph Fontaine was born in 1748. He died on 1 Sep 1813.
+ 52 M vii Capt. Aaron Fontaine was born on 30 Nov 1753. He died in Apr 1823.
+ 53 M viii Abraham Fontaine was born on 9 Apr 1756. He died in 1832.

30. John Fontaine 1 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born on 28 Apr 1693 in Taunton, Somerset, ENG. He died on 26 Nov 1767 in Cwm Castle, Carmarthenshire, Wales. He was buried on 26 Nov 1767 in Newchurch, Wales.

Appointed Ensign on September 10, 1710 at the age of seventeen and sailed with Lord Shaw's regiment on February 1, 1711 when all troops stationed in Ireland were ordered to Spain. Returned home in 1713.

John was the first of the family to come to America. On December 7, 1714, he sailed on the ship "Dove" and landed in Virginia on June 5, 1715. Purchased a plantation in King William County, Virginia, remained in Virginia for four years, and then sailed for Dublin in July, 1719, arriving December 6, 1719. After a year in Dublin, he accompanied his brother, Francis to London. Studied watchmaking and by 1722 was in business for himself. Later joined partnership with brother, Moses. They made clocks and watches at "The Dial" in Middle Moorfields. He subsequently became a silk weaver, which was the occupation of his father-in-law. By 1748, had moved to South Wales and living at Llanllwch.

John survived all his siblings. He died at the age of 74 and was buried on November 26, 1767.

More about John can be found in The Journal of John Fontaine which was edited by Edward Porter Alexander and published by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation in 1972.

Genealogical and Historical Notes on Culpeper County, VA, Page 36-37
John Fontaine, son of Rev. James Fontaine (Huguenot), and brother of the Rev. Peter Fontaine and of the Rev. James Fontaine, clergymen of the Church of England in Virginia, was an ensign in the British army. He came to Virginia in 1713, for the purpose of exploring the country and choosing lands for the settlement of the family when they should come over. He made the acquaintance of Gov. Spotswood at Williamsburg, and under his auspices visited the new settlement at Germanna, and accompanied Spotswood to his Indian school at Christanna, on the Meherrin River, and also on his expedition over the great mountains. He kept a journal of his daily doings, which furnishes the only authentic account we have of this stirring adventure. His plain, unvarnished tale dispels the mist which the popular fancy had peopled with hostile Indians haunting the march, assassins stealing into camp at dead of night, and committing murder, perpetrating massacres, and doing battle in the mountain passes. The recent publication of this journal rescues the facts from traditionary perversions and restores them to their true historical proportions. From him (an eye-witness) we learn that Gov. Spotswood came from Williamsburg by way of Chelsea (King William) and Robert Beverly's (Middlesex), where the Governor left his chaise, and bringing Beverly along came on horseback to Germanna, where, on the 26th August, 1716, they were met by other gentlemen, four Meherrin Indians, and two small companies of rangers. The names of the gentlemen of the party, deduced in part from the camps which were called after them, were: Gov. Spotswood, John Fontaine, Robert Beverly, the historian; Col. Robertson, Dr. Robertson, Taylor Todd, Mason, Captains, Clonder, and Smith, and Brooke, the ancestor of the late Judge Brooke. Campbell says;--"The whole company was about fifty persons. They had a large number of riding and pack-horses, an abundant supply of provisions, and an extraordinary variety of liquors."

The following is from; The MO Fountains and Their Descentants, writtin by Vida Leola Vance 1967, page 14 thru 18.

After marrying, he and his wife* went to London to live. John, liking action, became an esign in Lord Sahw's Regiment of the British Army and took part in the Spainish War of Succuession. Upon returning home, he began to search for employment. When this proved futile, he then discussed at length with the family the possibility of a future for all in the New World across the Atlantic. They decided that John should got to America and purchase land on which they could settle. It was with heavy hearts that James and Elizabeth accepted the decision. Knowing though, that their children were independent, that they were not ashamed to work at a trade when necessity compelled such and that they were intellignet and morally strong, they readdily gave them their blessing as they were confident that they would acheive their goals in the New World.

May 1715 John Fontaine arrived in Virginia he was warmly welcomed by his Majesty's lieutenant governor and Commander-in-chief of the royal colony, Governor Spotswood. He was invited by the governor to accompany him on his expedition to claim the western lands for the King of England. A journal kept by John is the only known and reliable history of the journey. At the conclusion of the trip, Governor Spotswood presented John and each of his fellow travelers a small commemorative golden horseshoe. This earned them the title of Knights of the Golden Horseshoe.

Having had ample opportunity to slect a suitable tract of land, John purchased an acreage in King William County. He immediately sent word to the family in Ireland, who had been waiting patiently for such news. John, though, did not remain in Virginia, he went to England where he married Madame Sabatiere and where later he died.

* no name or info on this wife

These passages are quoted from:
Chapter VI: "West of the Blue Ridge 1733-1750"

The Blue Ridge Mountains stood as a barrier against the Virginians for four generations. Only a few young men had climbed into them. On winter nights around the fireplaces, and in summer in the dooryards while families took the breeze and watched the fireflies, they speculated on what might be there beyond the Mountains. Rumors, about Indians, game herds and rich land, were told. Governor Spotswood organized an exploring party in the summer of 1716, to cross the Mountains and find out for sure what lay beyond. A troop of horsemen clattered out of Williamsburg that August with the 40-year-old governor at the head. They rode to the foot of the Blue Ridge and climbed it (along present day Route 33 from Stanardsville west), contending with hornets, blackberry thickets and the late summer sun. They reached the summit on September 5, then peered down at the grand sweep of the Valley of Virginia. John Fontaine, the expedition's chaplain, noted that "We drunk King George's health here and all the Royal Family." Then they descended into the Valley (near present day Elkton) and camped two nights by the Shenandoah River. Once back in Williamsburg, Spotswood advertised the Valley. He gave each member of the expedition a pin, a miniature golden horseshoe engraved "Sic Juvat Transcendere Montes" (What a Pleasure It Is to Cross the Mountains). So he dramatized the Valley and created a wave of interest. Presently a few brave families dared to move there.

John married Mary Magdalen Sabatier in 1728 in London, Middlesex, ENG. Mary was born in Wales. She died in 1781 in Wales.

They had the following children:

  54 M i Daniel Sabatiers Fontaine was born in Wales.

Daniel and Moses were twin brothers. They died young.
  55 M ii Moses Sabatiers Fontaine was born in Wales.

Daniel and Moses were twin brothers. They died young.
+ 56 F iii Anne Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1729. She died in 1753.
  57 M iv James Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1731 in Wales. He died in Wales.
        James married Mary L. Lemoine in Wales. Mary was born in Wales. She died in Wales.
  58 M v John Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1734 in Wales.

Was apprenticed to a London watchmaker. Received his freedom in 1759 at the age of 24, and had an illegitimate son, Joseph, by Mary Bradneck. In 1762, John, Jr., was serving against the French on a sloop of war and was killed. Both John's uncles Moses and his father provided in their wills for Joseph Fontaine, alias Thompson.
  59 M vi David Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1739 in Wales. He died in Wales.
        David married M. M. Plowman in Wales. M. M. Plowman was born in Wales. She died in Wales.
  60 F vii Mary Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1741 in Wales.

Died young.
  61 M viii William Sabatiers Fontaine was born in 1742 in Wales. He died in Wales.
        William married M. Howell in Wales. M. Howell was born in Wales. She died in Wales.

32. Rev. Francis Fontaine 1 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born on 16 Sep 1696 in Cork, IRE. He was christened on 19 Sep 1697 in Cork, IRE. He died in 1749 in York Co., VA.

Entered Trinity College in June 1712. Enrolled in the Inns of Court at the Temple, in London, to study law, but later returned to Dublin to prepare for the ministry.

Received B.A. degree in 1716 and Master of Arts degree in 1719 from Trinity College in Dublin. Married in 1720 and sailed for America in 1721 where he became Rector of St. Margaret's Parish in King William County, Virginia.

In 1723, became Rector of York-Hampton Parish and apparently remained there for the remainder of his life. On February 2, 1727, was appointed Chaplain of the House of Burgesses. In the same year, he was appointed to the faculty of William and Mary College where he established the Department of Oriental Languages (Hebrew).

Francis married (1) Mary Glannison in 1719 in London, Middlesex, ENG. Mary was born in 1679/1701 in IRE. She died in 1733 in Williamsburg, York Co., VA.

They had the following children:

+ 62 M i Francis Fontaine Jr. was born in 1721. He died before 1790.
  63 F ii Mary Fontaine was born in 1724 in VA.
  64 M iii John Fontaine was born in 1726 in VA. He died in Aug 1759 in VA.

John was bound to a carpenter as an apprentice in 1746. In November 1750, he went to New Bern, North Carolina, with his brother, Francis, where they both were house joiners.
        John married Elizabeth in 1753 in VA. Elizabeth was born in VA. She died in VA.
  65 M iv Thomas Fontaine was born in 1730 in VA. He died about Jul 1745 in VA.

Francis married (2) Susanna Brush Barbor in 1735 in VA. Susanna was born in VA. She died in VA.

Susanna was widow of Thomas Barbor.

Francis and Susanna had the following children:

  66 M v Rev. James Maury Fontaine was born in 1738 in VA. He died in VA.
        James married Alice Burwell in 1771 in VA. Alice was born in VA. She died in VA.
  67 F vi Judith Barbor Fontaine was born in 1740 in VA. She died in VA.
        Judith married Philip Moody in VA. Philip was born in VA. He died in VA.

33. Elizabeth Fontaine 1 (James Fontaine , James Fontaine , Jacques , Jean , Gilles , Arthur , Jean , Guy , Jean ) was born on 3 Aug 1701 in Bear Haven, IRE. She died in 1764 in Cwm Castle, Carmarthenshire, Wales.

Elizabeth married Daniel Torin on 31 Oct 1729 in London, Middlesex, ENG. Daniel was born in London, Middlesex, ENG. He died in 1767 in Wales.

Daniel was from Wandsworth, a watch and clock maker who had recently completed his apprenticeship to David Lesturgeon in London.

Daniel and Elizabeth had the following children:

  68 M i Samuel Torin was born in Wales.
  69 F ii Mary Torin was born in Wales.

Mary died young.
  70 M iii Abraham Torin was born in 1730 in Wales. He died in 1760 in Wales.
        Abraham married Mary Richards.

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