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Plantagenet, John "of Gaunt" Duke of Lancaster

Male 1340 - 1399  (58 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Plantagenet, John "of Gaunt"  [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
    Suffix Duke of Lancaster 
    Born 6 Mar 1340  Gent, Vlaanderen, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6, 8
    • Abbaye De St Bavon, Ghent, Flandre Orientale, Belgium
    Gender Male 
    Birth 6 Mar 1340  St Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Flanders Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Buried 15 Mar 1398  St. Pauls Cathedral, London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 4, 6
    Died 3 Feb 1399  Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 5, 6, 8
    Person ID I59770  Bob Juch's Kin
    Last Modified 7 May 2019 

    Father Plantagenet, Edward King of England III,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Sheen Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother d'Avesnes, Philippa,   b. 24 Jun 1311, Valenciennes, Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 24 Jan 1327  York Minster, Deangate, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 9
    Family ID F20057  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 de Roet, Katherine,   b. 25 Nov 1350, Hainault, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1403, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 13 Jan 1396  Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Beaufort, Thomas,   b. Abt 1377, Beaufort Castle, Champagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Dec 1426, East Greenwich, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years)  [natural]
     2. Beaufort, Joan,   b. 29 Jan 1375, Beaufort Castle, Champagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)  [natural]
     3. Beaufort, Henry,   b. Abt 1375, Beaufort Castle, Champagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Apr 1447  (Age ~ 72 years)  [natural]
     4. Beaufort, John,   b. 1371, Beaufort Castle, Champagne, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1410, London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 7 May 2019 
    Family ID F20052  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Plantagenet, Blanche "of Lancaster",   b. 25 Mar 1345, Castle Grosmont, Grosmont, Monmouthshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1369, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years) 
    Married 19 May 1359  Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Plantagenet, Edward,   b. 4 May 1365, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1368  (Age 2 years)  [natural]
     2. Plantagenet, Henry IV "of Bolingbroke",   b. 3 Apr 1367, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1413, House of the Abbot of Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [natural]
     3. Plantagenet, Isabel,   b. 1368,   d. INFANT  [natural]
     4. Plantagenet, John,   b. 4 May 1365,   d. 1443  (Age 77 years)  [natural]
     5. Plantagenet, Elizabeth,   b. 1364, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1426, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 62 years)  [natural]
     6. Plantagenet, John,   b. 1362,   d. 1365  (Age 3 years)  [natural]
     7. Plantagenet, Philippa "of Lancaster",   b. 31 Mar 1360, Leicester Castle, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1415, Sacavém, Lisbon, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 7 May 2019 
    Family ID F20053  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 of Castile, Constance,   b. 1354,   d. Jun 1394  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 21 Sep 1371 
    Children 
     1. Plantagenet, John,   b. 1372,   d. 1375  (Age 3 years)  [natural]
     2. of Lancaster, Catherine,   b. 31 Mar 1373, Hertford Castle, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jun 1418, Valladolid, Castilla-Leon, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 7 May 2019 
    Family ID F20054  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Johnofgaunt plantagenet
    Johnofgaunt plantagenet

  • Notes 
    • He was a Knight of the Order of the Garter. He was Prince of England, in 1342 he was Earl of Richmond, in 1361 he was Earl of Lancaster, and, in 1362 he was Earl of Derby, Earl of Leicester and Earl of Lincoln. Also he was Titular King of Castile and Leon and Duke of Aquitane. In 1377, he became Earl Palatinate. Duke of Lancaster, Earl of Richmond, Earl of Derby, Earl of Lincoln, Duke of Aquitaine, Lord of Beaufort and Nogent, Rey de Castilla y Leon, Seigneur de Bergerac et Roche-sur-Yon, Knight of the Garter. He virtually ran England during his Father's declining years. He was one of the wealthiest men in the realm. --- He had wealth and power over the lives of others of a type we find it hard to even imagine today. His progeny became rich and powerful in his train. Perhaps he mused that he would go down in History as Duke of Lancaster, honored, feared, magnificent and respected. And yet, because William Shakespeare [1564-1616], 200 years after the Duke of Lancaster's death --- writes a play called Richard II [1595-1596] and calls him John of Gaunt, an infant nickname that John enjoyed until the age of three, and not thereafter --- this sobriquet --- corrupted from his birthplace in Ghent, Flanders, Netherlands --- sticks to him forever. Ghent is now in Belgium. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, Rey de Castilla y Leon has been dead for almost 600 years --- but Shakespeare's christening wins the historical palm and is the name he sleeps with for the eons. Scribblers are often powerful beyond belief. -- Spencer Hines He was only able to marry her after Constanza's death, at which time her children by him were retro-actively legitimated. -- Brant Gibbard The four original Beauforts were born to Katherine Roet Swynford and John of Gaunt while John's second wife was still alive. On her death in 1394 John married Katherine, and in 1397 Richard II, as a favour to John of Gaunt and in order to neutralize John's son Derby (later King Henry IV) legitimatized the children who had been born out of wedlock. Richard's Act of Parliament did not bar the Beauforts or their descendants from the throne. But Henry IV later wrote in, between the lines of the document, a clause excluding the Beauforts from the succession. This interlineation was, bluntly, a forgery of an Act of Parliament, and Henry VII's sccession confounded it. -- from Kings & Queens of England & Scotland (by Allen Andrews, Marshall Cavendish, London 1985) John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399), English soldier and statesman, the fourth son of King Edward III of England, and brother of Edward, the Black Prince. John was born in March 1340 in Ghent (M.E., Gaunt), now in Belgium. In 1359 he married Blanche, daughter of Henry, duke of Lancaster; when Henry died, John became duke. John of Gaunt played an important part in the wars of the period between England and France and between England and Spain. He commanded a division of the English army, led by the Black Prince, that defeated the army of Henry (later Henry II, king of Castile and Leon) at N jerera in 1367. As a result of his second marriage, to Constance, daughter of Peter the Cruel (king of Castile and Leon), John laid claim to the throne ofofof Castile. . During the Hundred Years' War, he aided (1370-1371) the Black Prince against France and established English rule over most of southern France. After a severe illness forced the return of the Black Prince to England, John took command of the English armies; by 1380 he had lost much of the territory the English had previously won. In 1386 John invaded Castile, but was defeated by John I, king of Castile and Leon. John of Gaunt gave up his claim to Castile and Leon in 1387, whe when his daughter married d Henry, later Henry III, king of Castile and Leon. John of Gaunt was also prominent in English affairs. Together with Alice Perrers, his father's mistress, John dominated the English government. He was opposed by Parliament and by the Black Prince. In 1376 Parliament banished Alice Perrers and curtailed John's powers. The death of the Black Prince that year and the dissolution of Parliament, however, enabled John to regain his power. In 1377, on the death of Edward III and the accession of Richard II (John's nephew and son of the Black Prince), John gave up his control of the government and thereafter played the role of peacemaker; he also supported the king, by whom he was made (1390) duke of Aquitaine. In 1396, after the death of his second wife, John married his mistress Catherine Swynford, and Richard legitimized their children the following year. Saddened by the exile (1398) of his son, Henry of Lancaster (later King Henry IV of England), John died on February 3 of the following year.

  • Sources 
    1. [S1410] American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI), Godfrey Memorial Library, comp., (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1999.Original data - Godfrey Memorial Library. American Genealogical-Biographical Index. Middletown, CT, USA: Godfrey Memorial Library.Original data: Godfrey Memorial Library. American Genea;).

    2. [S1592] Millennium File, Heritage Consulting, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2003;).

    3. [S1783] England, Extracted Parish and Court Records, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations Inc; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2001;).

    4. [S1703] Web: International, Find A Grave Index, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2013;).

    5. [S1249] Dictionary of National Biography, Volumes 1-20, 22, Ancestry.com, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. This collection was indexed by Ancestry World Archives Project contributors.Original data - Stephen, Sir Leslie, ed. Dictionary of National Biography, 1921–1922. London, England: Oxf;).

    6. [S1782] UK and Ireland, Find A Grave Index, 1300s-Current, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2012;).

    7. [S1350] U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900, Yates Publishing, (Name: Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases. Originally, the information was derived;), Source number: 35.000; Source type: Electronic Database; Number of Pages: 1; Submitter Code: CWW.

    8. [S1845] Web: Netherlands, GenealogieOnline Trees Index, 1000-Current, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2014;).

    9. [S1932] North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000, Ancestry.com, (Name: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc.; Location: Provo, UT, USA; Date: 2016;), Book Title: The royal lineage of the Hamlins : being the branch of the Hamlin family descended through Mary Dunham, who was born 1642, probably at Plymouth, Mass., and married Nov. 20, 1662, James Hamlin, Jr. of Bartstable, Mass.